Rehabilitation in patients with facial defects requires a multidisciplinary approach involving a head and neck surgeon, a maxillofacial prosthodontist and a reconstructive surgeon. Extra-oral prosthetic rehabilitation complements reconstructive surgery in patients with facial defects
Rehabilitation of facial defects is generally required in patients who have undergone tumor ablative surgery for head and neck cancers as well as in a few trauma patients. A multidisciplinary approach is required in the care of these patients . In most of the cases of head and neck surgery, planning and preparation for rehabilitation is done prior to the surgery using a coordinated approach.
Patients may develop severe facial defects as a consequence of trauma, cancer surgery or congenital disorders. Craniofacial prosthesis to restore tissue loss in the eye, ear, nose and at multiple sites have been developed over the years to improve the individual’s quality of life and disguise the aesthetic problems created post surgery. These craniofacial prostheses can be retained either with skin adhesives or mechanically with extraoral implants.